martes, 25 de enero de 2011

History of Warner Brothers Studios

The History of Warner Brothers Studios begins with its founders, the Warner brothers, Harry Warner (1881-1958), Albert Warner (1883-1967), Sam Warner (1887-1927) and Jack Warner (1892-1978).
In 1903, Harry Warner, the eldest, entered the film business with a small movie theater to exhibit films in the mining towns of Pennsylvania and Ohio.
His brothers soon joined the business and, with Harry, opened his first room called "The Cascade" in New Castle, Pennsylvania.
In 1904, Warners founded the Pittsburgh-based Duquesne Amusement & Supply Company (precursor to Warner Bros. Pictures) to distribute films. A few years later, this led to the distribution of films through a four-state area.
In 1918, Warner Brothers began with the production of movies, founding his own studio on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood.
Sam and Jack Warner produced the movie, while Harry and Albert Warner and their auditor and now controller Paul Ashley Chase handled finance and distribution in New York.
In 1923, was formally incorporated as Warner Bros Pictures, Inc
In the days of silent movies, they hired a pianist to play live (while the audience watched the films) functions with a musical theme.
By 1925, Sam Warner found that could save the cost of the musician with a sound system to incorporate the movies. This idea was born Vitaphone began to experiment with sound film (though not yet spoken).
After Warner Bros some projects already had experience in the field of cinema. But however that put Warner Bros. on the Hollywood map was a dog, Rin Tin Tin, brought from France after the First World War by an American soldier. Rinty was so popular that he starred in 26 films, beginning with The Man from Hell's River in 1924.
The study had prospered, and in 1924 organized a major loan. With this new money, the Warners bought the pioneer Vitagraph Company which had national coverage in terms of the distribution system. Warners also joined the race to buy and build theaters.
1926-1931: new generation of movies.
In 1927, the studio released The Jazz Singer (The Jazz Singer), which was a success, this was the first talkie. The Warner, however, could not attend the premiere. Sam died a day before, and the brothers were at his funeral. Despite the loss, the brothers continued to expand the business with the purchase of study "First National Pictures" and the 250 cinemas in the "Stanley Company" thanks to the profits of the film.
Warner Bros. soon after moved to the "First National" in Burbank.
In 1929 he opened Gold Diggers of Broadway, which was the most popular film of that year. (Continues to be so popular that it played in theaters until 1939). The success of these two films in color caused a color revolution. The Warner Brothers released a large number of color films 1929-1931. The following were entirely in Technicolor: The Show of Shows (1929), Sally (1929), Bright Lights (1930), Golden Dawn (1930), Hold Everything (1930), Song of the Flame (1930), Song of the West (1930), The Life of the Party (1930), Sweet Kitty Bellairs (1930), Under A Texas Moon (1930), The Bride of the Regiment (1930), Viennese Nights (1931), Woman Hungry (1931), Kiss Me Again (1931), Fifty Million Frenchmen (1931), Manhattan Parade (1932).
In 1931 the country had grown tired of musicals, Warner Brothers was forced to reduce the number of many of the productions and advertising. The public had begun to associate musicals with color and, therefore, the films of this study began to leave. Warner Brothers had a contract with Technicolor to produce two more movies with this method. As a result, the first color film mysteries were produced and released by the studio: Doctor X (1932) and Mystery of the Wax Museum (1933).
In 1933, Warner Bros, however, produced a musical that saved the company from bankruptcy, Street 42.
With the collapse of the market for musicals, Warner Bros. in the '30s, entered films and gangster epics like Robin Hood while diversifying its portfolio with the acquisition of the label "Brunswick Records" (then it changed to Warner Records) for 28 million dollars.
Warner Bros faced many difficulties. In 1956, Albert and Harry went out of business. Jack continued to lead the company until 1967, when he sold his part to "Seven Arts Productions."
After restructuring, the company continued to produce hits based, as always, in a strict selection of talent.

In the late '90s, Warner Bros. has the rights to Harry Potter novels, and premiered a feature film adaptation being the first novel in 2001, the second in 2002, the third in 2004, the fourth in 2005, and fifth in 2007. The sixth is scheduled for July 2009 (its first release date was scheduled for November 2008). The seventh will be in two movies: the first part has been announced for the year 2010 and the second part of 2011.
Over the years, Warner Brothers has had the co-operation (distribution and / or co-production) of a number of small businesses. These include (but are not limited to) Amblin Entertainment, Morgan Creek Productions (now working with Universal Studios), Regency Enterprises (now working with 20th Century Fox), Village Roadshow Pictures, Legendary Pictures, Silver Pictures (which includes Dark Castle Entertainment), The Ladd Company, and The Geffen Film Company.
On January 4, 2008, Warner Bros announced that changes to HD DVD Blu-ray Disc. continue releasing movies in HD DVD until May 2008 (when his contract with the HD DVD group Expire).

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